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Salad Herbs

The full spectrum of salad herbs are what make lettuce a real meal. Garden fresh heads of leafy green, red, and Romaine are at their prime at this time of year (February in Florida). img_0877Take advantage by adding even more goodness while keeping the simplicity of the harvest at hand.

img_0888Arugula, Italian dandelions, French sorrel, dill, watercress, parsley, and nasturtium leaves and flowers are all easy to grow and harvest. Quantity has a quality all its own, so if store bought bunches are too much, consider growing a container garden for the selection if not the bulk. (And no, I’m not talking about clamshells of week old micro-greens from a farm on the other side of the continent. )

img_0900Etymology 101: Salad/salivation. Bitter herbs induce salivation. Add a few Italian dandelion leaves to your salad to aid in digestion by providing even more saliva than a mouth watering salad would normally.

img_0541Let the fun begin by topping off your salad with the addition of nasturtium flowers. Although quite peppery (hence their nickname of ‘Nasties’) on their own, as a part of the whole, a fine addition. Another peppery addition would be watercress, but nowhere near as pretty.

Knee High by 4th of July

I’ll come right out and say it: corn is a very unproductive crop for home gardeners in Florida. It produces poorly for the amount of space required, demands large amounts of fertilizer and water, and is susceptible to every pest imaginable. And don’t get me started on the ‘3 sisters’ method (which I have never seen successfully practiced).

Of course, fresh eating corn-on-the-cob is a completely different crops from the commodity grain grown on millions of acres and marketed through the largest distribution systems imaginable, but the price on store bought ears is still linked to the wholesale availability of its industrially produced twin. Organic corn is the only way to knowingly avoid direct contact with a more than likely GMO product and chemical pesticides.

As a kid, we grew it in our garden in Illinois, where the deep black topsoil guaranteed a bumper crop. And the only way anyone from the Land of Lincoln considered cooking it was fresh from the stalks directly into a kettle of boiling water then to the table in a matter of mere minutes. But that was before most of the aforementioned chaos tainted every purchase decision. So, as the saying goes “Knee high by 4th of July”, but not in my Florida garden.

Farm Stand Fun

Activities at our farm stand, Saturdays 9am-1pm and Tuesday 3pm-6pm, are fun for the whole family. Many of our crops are picked to order, so take a walk into the garden while we harvest them as fresh as they can get. Sample and smell what herbs are supposed to taste like before they’ve been dried, processed, and package. Stay in touch with our ‘Harvest Gardener’ membership for a one-time $20, to receive weekly email newsletter and crop list, invites to our special events, and half price on workshops and tours. Our most popular activity is a visit to the rabbit paddock, an outdoor colony where our rabbits are free to live like rabbits should. Visits to the bunnies are $10/family, or $5/members. Hope to see you in the garden.

Summer Gardening if Florida

(Gleaned from my July 12, 2011 Seminole Voice newspaper column.)

Florida vegetable gardeners’ off-season is never well bracketed by the debilitating freezes or blankets of snow that schedule definition to most temperate regions. My crops of peppers, eggplant, collard greens, okra, scallions and herbs planted in early spring don’t stop producing just because the calendar clicked over to July and August. Barring lake-effect monsoons, I expect these crops to continue producing until first frost. In the mean time, we’re back into the throes of autumn planting. I’m almost envious of the iconic scenario of curling up in front of the wood stove with a seed catalog and imagining the world as it’s not.

If you are the least bit organized, taking it easy in the garden in summer is part of the plan. Never one to leave well enough alone, preparing for the next season fills every available moment. But if the power goes out, the thunder is growling, and the mosquitoes are biting, it is time to hunker down with a selection of seed catalogs.

Johnny’s Selected Seeds of Winslow, Maine, is one of my primary seed sources. Although Maine is not a regional partner, Johnny’s seeds have grown consistently well in my garden. The catalog from Peaceful Valley Farm & Garden Supply of Grass Valley, Calif., is always close to the top of my stack. Another classic source is Bountiful Gardens of Willits, Calif. The home of Ecology Action and John Jeavons’ pioneering efforts at sustainable food production have been groundbreaking. Redwood City Seed Company, also from California, is an eclectic source for unique crop seeds, especially peppers.

A little closer to home, Tomato Growers Supply Company of Ft. Myers’ name speaks for itself. Southern Exposure Seed Exchange of Mineral, Va., offers a full spectrum of open pollinated seed choices. The Park Seed Company of Greenwood, S.C., encyclopedic catalog has been a reference in my library since the beginning.

July 2016 update: We’ve not seen a drop of rain, let alone the occasional monsoon for over a week. The near 100F temperatures are even more extreme to the remaining crops without some moderating moistureIMG_8784. Our compiled memories of daily thunderstorms are merely a social expectation of the good old days. So I’ll use the fear of sunstroke instead of lightening as my excuse to peruse through my stacks of catalogs

. Weather only a gardener could love?

Saturday Morning Farm Stand

Open 8-Noon Saturday mornings

Please visit our Sundew Gardens farm stand open Saturday mornings, 8-Noon, for the freshest produce you can possibly find. We’re only providing what we grow; the selection and quantities can vary weekly, so visit early and visit often. This week we’re providing cherry and Roma tomatoes, sweet banana peppers, Asian eggplant, scallion onions, yellow wax beans, purple daikon radishes, fennel, several varieties of herbs, cucumbers, and eggs. Please bear with us as we enter our Summer growing season, which is always a challenge, but your support will encourage even greater efforts.

Batch Gardening

From my Seminole Voice newpaper column from a few years back:

When I started my modern gardening career using methods delineated in Mel Bartholomew’s book “Square Foot Gardening,” I eagerly built my 4-foot by 4-foot plot and planted as many varieties of vegetables as would fit into each of the 16 squares. I grew food with precision and devotion, eventually reaping a harvest of exactly as many radishes, carrots, beans and numerous other crops as would each fit into their respective 144-square-inch fields. The learning paradigm was priceless, the carrots tasted great, but the value of the food approached pennies per hour. Figurative starvation was on the horizon, so the next step was to line up multiples of the square plots into long growing beds and plant more of everything.

We have been brainwashed into believing eating fresh produce is best, no matter what the cost. Since shipping out-of-season beans or fruit all the way from California or Chile is cheaper than many homegrown preservation and pickling methods, why not eat fresh everything from everywhere forever? But if our garden production is of such limited quantities that fresh eating leaves none for the pickling crock when Florida’s multiple off-seasons roll around again, we are back to grocery land paying cash for someone else’s productivity.

Choose four to six basic crops your family wantonly consumes and write the plan to be the benefactor of these specific choices. Learn a few recipes and food storage techniques that will fill the coffers for the guaranteed seasonal dearth of homegrown freshness. Blanching and freezing, lacto-fermentation, canning or dehydrating are all viable ways to save those special foods you grew yourself.

Now is the time to plan for our long autumn growing season. Guesstimate the space to grow enough carrots, scallion onions, beans, and greens based on an average tallied from store bought receipts. Research the expected yield from available garden area, plan a little extra to share (the bugs always take their remittance), count the number of harvests expected from a season, do the math, obtain enough seeds, and hit the dirt. Instead of planting a little bit of everything, you can grow enough of those few things to really make a difference to a hungry belly.

In the kitchen during the cooler months, the ever-present cauldron of simmering soup wholeheartedly accepts more from the garden. Plan to add more of the basic crops to the kettle creating quantities to stock the freezer beyond tonight’s dinner. Heroism earned by procuring enough food to feed the family is now as simple as growing a batch of beans and radishes.

Climate Change Through the Ages.

As seen in my Seminole Voice newspaper column a few years back: http://www.seminolevoice.com/news/2014/feb/20/tom-carey-ice-ages-climate-change-and-glacial-milk/

Grade school earth science taught us that rocks get pummeled into smaller bits through freezes and thaws, erosion, wind, and gravity. Eventually reaching the size of bacterially digestible powder, the minerals of the rocks are then released into biologically necessary soil amendments. Usurped by plant roots and incorporated into the living layer on the surface of our planet, we end up with what is known as dirt. Spreading some garden limestone powder over our lawn is a common practice. Let us take this simple landscaping technique and ramp it up to an epic scale.

Ice ages, which send glaciers over vast stretches of our continental landmasses, routinely cycle through our weather patterns in time frames lasting hundreds of thousands of years. The ‘inter-glacial’ period we are now enjoying usually lasts for ten to twelve thousand years. We are now into year eleven thousand of our vacation from the glaciers.

Leading into the ice ages, vast amounts of moisture are deposited onto sheets of ice over the poles by storms brewed in equatorial regions. This ice, recognized as glaciers, slowly moves downhill, grinding the bedrock into smaller pieces. (Liquid water run-off from modern day glaciers is called ‘glacial milk’, and is considered very nutritious.) So much moisture is locked into the glaciers that much of the Earth is very dry; sea levels drop hundreds of feet. As the glacial rock dust spews into the wind, it is spread over the planet, fertilizing the soil, muddying the glaciers, and eventually bringing the ice age to another inter-glacial respite.

What we call ‘global warming’ is merely the precursor to ‘climate change,’ which will be the next glaciation. The human-exacerbated amounts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere provoke weather responses that we recognize as gradually stronger storms. The near-term of a changing climate will be seen as a warming trend, even melting the Arctic icecap, disrupting weather patterns, dislodging even more violent storms upon a now matured civilization. What we experience as routine weather is merely the calm between the normalcy of severer storms.

Humanity can make a difference in the foregone conclusion of climate cycles by managing the amounts of greenhouse gases stockpiled in the air we breathe. Sequestering carbon by making compost or bio-char is a practice used by many gardeners. Use rock dust fertilizers to emulate the best of a portending disaster. Spread some greensand, (a potassium rich fertilizer), locally mined rock phosphate, limestone, and mineral accumulating seaweed on the garden to accelerate plant growth. We have spurred on our imminently unhappy climate coda, but we can also eschew its eventual outcome.

Weather that only a gardener could love (we hope).

 

 

 

Click this link to ‘Put some South in your mouth’. Collard Greens are the best!

Collards are the best!
Collards are the best!

Put some South in your mouth: Collard Greens are the best!

Collards are a photosynthesis machine. Not one to wait for flower, fruit, seed, or root development; collards produce the food we need without any distractions. And they taste great.

Best Harvest Methods

To get the most from all your efforts,  harvesting is as important as planting, watering, or fertilizing.

IMG_0491http://www.seminolevoice.com/news/2013/nov/27/tom-carey-thanksgiving-harvest/

Seasonal Gardening in Florida

Here’s an article I actually spent time writing for the Simple Living Institute’s Central Florida Food Guide. The Food Guide is a carbon based paper booklet available around town describing various venues.

The bottom line is our seasons are warped by our almost frost free Winters, but  Summers which are ungrowably hot and wet. We end up with 4 distinct seasons of blurred multi-week transitional phases. Most crops that we can grow are short term annuals,

Image

with a few multi-seasonal exceptions (kale, collards, herbs). Very few perennial (food forest) crops will grow here in the Orlando/Central Florida area (sorry Permies).

If you would like to learn more about gardening in Florida, or the Sundew Gardens upick ‘Harvest Gardening’ CSA, please plan to attend our free weekly tours, offered every Friday and Saturday at Noon. Hope to see you in the garden!

Seasonal Gardening at Sundew Gardens, Oviedo, Florida

by Tom Carey 081713

Although homesteaders in Central Florida do not experience the extremes of seasonal change as do our cousins in temperate latitudes, recognizing and respecting the palette of weather conditions Mother Earth dishes out over the course of a year will help us on our way to becoming more productive in our self reliant endeavors.  Consider gardeners living under a climate that encounters snow every Winter; their off-season is well defined, pest control is assured, weed pressures are capped under a frozen blanket. In contrast, our off-season is an extension of the not cold Spring merely sweating into Summer, cooled only by random thunderstorms. Yes, we can grow crops in the Summer’s jungle-esque humidity, hyper-growth weeds, wack-a-mole pests, and the ever present danger of random ground stroke lightning bolts, but any lurking productivity is easily thwarted. And then one week in mid-September, coincidentally around the celestial Equinox, we overlook the missed storms but temperatures still peg out under 90F. Time to start gardening, non-stop until 4th of July!

To get a head start on the outdoor growing seasons, prepare seedlings and transplants in a greenhouse space in mid-August beginning with cherry tomatoes, then greens, salad fixings, herbs, scallion onions. Do not start peppers, squash, or eggplant; there is not enough time before the shorter days and cooler nights of later Autumn which will damage them before harvest. And pest populations are at their maximum.

Hopefully over the Summer, the garden site was protected from rampant weed growth with an impenetrable layer of cardboard, newspaper, and/or mulch. Muck out the site leaving only soil, then till/turn/double-dig and achieve a finished grade. Start Autumn crops by planting bean, carrot, beet, and radish seeds to the garden soil. Once directly seeded crops are on their way to germinating, start transplanting seedlings, starting with tomatoes.

Counting backwards from our inevitable Christmas frost/freeze/coldsnap should mark up our growing calendars significantly. Beans take 60 days during the longer nights of November, so plant them no later than Halloween (but I always do). The cherry tomatoes will start to ripen around Thanksgiving.

Most of the cool-season crops that grow during Autumn/Winter/early-Spring will tolerate almost any low temperatures heading our way. Profusely re-plant them all; waves of carrots, the next batch of beets, a never-ending stream of radishes. To upset soil pests, thoroughly till/turn/double-dig growing areas after each harvest and leave the plot fallow between crops for as long as possible.

Keep the longevity of the crop in mind. Heading crops like lettuce or Asian greens (Pac Choi, Mizuna) are harvested whole, tying up space for only a few weeks. Collards and Dinosaur kale started as seedlings in September, transplanted in October, thinned in November, and enjoyed for Thanksgiving might still be included in a Memorial Day coleslaw recipe.

Covering plants with blankets during a cold snap will effectively protect cool season crops, but beans and tomatoes subject to stunting cold, if not from this cold front, then the next or the next, will no longer thrive. Tomatoes grown up a trellis, covered with sheets and blankets in a raging cold front, will sail beyond any hope of repair. Harvest the fruit and welcome the next crop. Always adjacent with frontal weather and its signaling wind is the following night of dead calm star-filled freezing skies.

Right after the Holidays is the time to start transplants for Spring. It is hard work to get tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, cucumbers, squash, basil, zinnias germinated in the chilly weeks surrounding Winter Solstice. Heat and lighting requirements to start seedlings are a show stopper until a dollop of handyman construction is invested.

Saint Patrik’s Day is approximately the last frost date I have ever experienced. Pest prone cucumber and squash will now have a chance with bug populations reduced after Winter. Tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant transplants will thrive as the days get warmer and longer. Plant batches of beans until Summer heat throttles them back. The cool season crops will start to sputter as April does not rain until May, if even then.

I shoot for 4th of July to maintain the spectrum of crops already growing. Tomato plants will die from the bottom up; once the tops stop setting new fruit, harvest any lagging fruit as it shows the slightest sign of ripened color. Summer is our off-season; maybe nurture a few surviving eggplant, peppers, or herbs. A fallow period controls many soil conditions. And a little down time for the gardener never hurts either.

(This article is written for the Simple Living Institute’s Central Florida Sustainable Food Guide. Tom Carey 407-430-2178, sundewgardens@gmail.com)